May 25 (Thursday)

Political Atoms and Molecules
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Introduction

If people suddenly vanished, there would still be planets and stars, plants and animals, minerals, water and weather. But there would be no politics. Just as minerals, water and living things are made of atoms, so can people be thought of as the atoms that make up cultures, societies and political systems.

People Word Cloud
The Thinker

One cannot understand politics, or political science, without learning about people. Studying psychology helps us understand how and why people think and act the way they do. Thus, a political scientist might be compared to a biologist studying animal behavior.

We can think of people as political atoms.

Humans are a social species, like many other animals, including our closest living relative, the chimpanzee. Humans long existed as small bands of nomadic hunters and gatherers, similar to wolves, but we now rival the Mexican free-tailed bat in our sheer numbers. Our elaborate homes and communities, caste system and lust for war further connect us to the social insects (ants, termites, bees and wasps).

While a psychologist might focus on a particular person, larger human populations and group dynamics are the domain of sociology. (Perhaps you’ve read about socio-political, or sociopolitical, issues.) If you want to know why Sebastian X was sentenced to prison, ask a psychologist. But if you want to know what percentage of U.S. citizens are behind bars, ask a sociologist.

While physics and mathematics may tell us how the universe began, they are not much use in predicting human behavior because there are far too many equations to solve. I’m no better than anyone else at understanding what makes people tick, particularly women.

Stephen Hawking

The human mind is one of the greatest wonders, so beautiful and scary at the same time — and so complex!

Sheeple

If you become a political activist or a politician, you will quickly discover that politics appears to an enormous problem for most people. Rather than benefit from government and other political institutions, people are generally exploited by them.

Even sadder, most people appear utterly powerless to do anything about it. Many are too apathetic to care about sociopolitical issues. Even those who do care are typically amazingly clueless about politics.

People are sheep. TV is the shepherd.
Jess C. Scott

Just as the human eye has a “blind spot,” so does the mind seem to have a blind spot for politics. Part of the problem is that people are confused and blinded by propaganda and “belief systems,” including religion. Conformity (aka “peer pressure”) is another powerful force; most people don’t want to go against the grain, preferring to graze with the flock. This behavior is commonly called mob mentality or herd behavior.

This combination of apathy, ignorance and desire to just fit in invites a comparison with sheep — commonly perceived as dumb, docile animals that cluster together in bands. Thus, political observers have come to refer to people as sheeple. There’s even a website that calls itself The Daily Sheeple. And if you think political activists are just imaginging things, read the articles Sheeple behavior in humans now fully confirmed by science and Top 10 Instances of Mob Mentality.

Sheeple
Sheep — or sheeple — are among the most popular subjects in political cartoons.

Similarly, the forces that prey on people, including corrupt politicians and corporations, are often compared to wolves.

As a wildlife biologist, I should point out, however, that wolves generally kill in order to survive. Wolves play a positive role in their environment. Political wolves are a totally different story. Some of them are almost unbelievably evil and cruel, and they can have a frightening impact on society and the environment both.

Organizations

Politics largely revolves around power, as explained in the article Politics. Physical strength, money and weapons are all sources of power. But one of the simplest ways to obtain more power is to network with other people, especially if you can organize your colleagues into a team with a common purpose.

Organize!
This political cartoon is surprisingly accurate. In Nature, many species congregate in herds, flocks and schools, often organizing themselves in remarkable synchrony. Such behavior helps the majority escape predators. In some species, organized groups may actually attack larger predators.
Organization
Most organizations are at least loosely political, with a power structure that includes one or more people in charge.

If you’ve studied science, you know that everything around us is made of tiny atoms, which often cluster together to form molecules. In biology, we learn that some molecules form cells, which in turn form organs, like your heart, lungs and brain. Similarly, groups of people often form organizations. Notice the similarity between the words organ and organization.

When organized, groups of people can be compared to molecules.

Just as various organs can work together to form a system (e.g. circulatory system), so can organizations form systems, including political systems. More about that later.

Organize, agitate, educate, must be our war cry.

Susan B. Anthony

An organization can be loosely defined as a group of people who join together for a common purpose. The words association and society can have a similar meaning. Organizations include clubs, businesses and political parties. Governments are organizations, sometimes subdivided into smaller organizations called agencies.

Learn about organized crime @ Good and Evil.

Though many organizations may appear apolitical at first glance, take a closer look. In the United States, countless organizations have been heavily politicized. Even many churches are political to a frightening degree.

Organizing Organizations

The sheer number of organizations can be overwhelming. Of course, organizations are also very diverse. When people talk about politics, the first kind of organization that usually comes to mind is government (see Government).

Organizations that are generally considered political in nature but aren’t part of any government are called nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Corporations are businesses that have been incorporated, giving them very special privileges in some countries.

So we could loosely divide organizations into four categories...

1) government
2) nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
3) corporations
4) everything else

NGOs

A common acronym in politics is NGO, which stands for non-governmental organization. In other words, NGOs are organizations outside government.

However, the name NGO is typically applied to organizations that are somewhat political in nature. Stamp-collecting clubs and soccer teams are organizations, but we don’t call them NGOs because they aren’t political in nature.

NGO logos

More precisely, the term NGO is usually applied to organizations that pursue wider social aims that have political aspects. Some of the better known NGOs include the Red Cross, Sierra Club and World Wildlife Fund. Openly political organizations, such as political parties, are not considered NGOs.

Technically, NGOs are legally constituted corporations that operate independently from government. The term originated from the United Nations and generally excludes conventional for-profit businesses.

Though NGOs aren’t run by governments, some are funded by governments. They maintain their NGO status by excluding government representatives from membership. In the United States, NGOs are typically non-profit organizations.

There are a number of alternative or overlapping terms with a meaning similar to NGO, including third sector organization (TSO), non-profit organization (NPO), voluntary organization (VO), civil society organization (CSO), grassroots organization (GO), social movement organization (SMO), private voluntary organization (PVO), self-help organization (SHO) and non-state actor (NSA).

Corporations

Even the most ignorant people are generally aware that corporations rule the world. But do you know exactly what a corporation is?

The idea that each corporation can be a feudal monarchy and yet behave in its corporate action like a democratic citizen concerned for the world we live in is one of the great absurdities of our time.
Kim Stanley Robinson

We’ve learned that non-profit NGOs can be corporations, but we don’t usually call them corporations. Corporations are normally thought of as businesses that exist to make a profit and have been incorporated. Here’s one of several definitions offered by Merriam-Webster: a large business or organization that under the law has the rights and duties of an individual and follows a specific purpose

By definition, corporations might appear to be even less political than NGOs. Yet the U.S. government is largely controlled by corporations.

Bill Gates founded Microsoft, a corporation that fleeced consumers and exploited children for a generation, with the help of his father, a lawyer who is also a founding partner of the law firm Preston, Gates & Ellis (now K&L Gates). The two de facto criminals then established the Gates Foundation, an investment firm masquerading as a charity, philanthropy, foundation or non-profit organization. All three rake in vast sums of money for Bill Gates and his father, though only Microsoft is commonly regarded as a corporation.

Particularly scary are the bigger, more corrupt corporations, which may be more powerful than many nations. Names like Microsoft, Monsanto, Halliburton, Exxon and McDonalds have become nearly synonymous with the word corruption. Particularly frightening are multi-national corporations, which may have operations in different countries, some of which serve as tax havens.

In fairness, not all corporations are all powerful ogres. Some corporations are very small and aren’t notably corrupt.

Corporate Map
Political cartoons often focus on corporate control of governments or countries.

Other Organizations

Some of the more prominent miscellaneous organizations include media (TV, newspapers, etc.), law firms, political parties and “secret societies.” (Actually, most of the bigger media are corporations.) Many of these organizations are also very politicized.

States

Political states can also be thought of as organizations. Such states include nations, dependencies, provinces, etc. When political buffs use the word state, they may be referring to a country, not one of the fifty U.S. states.

To put it in perspective, Brazil can be described as a country, nation, nation-state or perhaps even a state (or political state). The same applies to most of the other countries on the map below except French Guiana (red), which is an overseas department of France. It even belongs to the European Union.

Map of South America

10 Organizations to Remember

No one can possibly learn all there is to know about every organization. It sometimes seems like there are 10,000 political organizations (all of them phony) in Seattle alone. But we have to start somewhere, right?

Below is a list of ten organizations that are especially important and/or intriguing, with a brief summary of each organization.

1. CIA — The U.S. government’s intelligence agency, the CIA is the focus of some of the most sensational and bizarre conspiracy theories, many of them true.
2. Federal Reserve — Created by Jews about the time of World War I, this “central bank” sometimes appears to be a private Jewish business largely autonomous from the federal government.
3. Freemasons — Ground zero for some of the most amazing conspiracy theories, the Freemasons are touted as a private club for very powerful people. Past members like George Washington make one wonder.
4. Gates Foundation — It’s promoted as the world’s biggest philanthropy, but its tax-subsidized Seattle headquarters is a clue that the Gates Foundation is an investment firm...and it may be as sinister as the CIA.
5. ISIS — People who thought Al Qaeda was hard to believe are blown away by ISIS, which might belong in an amusement park if it wasn’t so dangerous. So why does ISIS turn a blind eye to Israel while torturing and murdering Muslims? And is ISIS going to turn Syria into ground zero for World War III?
6. Monsanto — How in the world did a corporation associated with pesticides and Agent Orange get into the business of bioengineering food? And is Monsanto really another arm of the Jewish Mafia, and is its goal really to control the world’s food supply?
7. Mossad — The Israeli counterpart of the CIA, Mossad has been accused of everything from the assassination of President John F. Kennedy to the 9/11 terrorist attacks. True or not, it may be the biggest terrorist organization on the planet.
8. NATO — On second thought, Mossad has a hard time competing with NATO, which some call the North Atlantic Terrorist Organization.
9. Telesur — Rather than just complain about the corporate media, Venezuela’s revolutionary firebrand Hugo Chavez helped create an alternative.
10, United Nations — The UN may be the most prestigious international organization, but what good is it? Was it simply corrupted by the U.S. and its allies, or was the UN part of a grand conspiracy from the very beginning?

Events

The word people is a noun. In other words, people are objects or things, similar to chairs, balls and clouds.

But people do such a wild variety of things, we could almost think of people as a verb. In fact, the word people can be used as a verb; it means to inhabit, dwell in or populate a place with people. But people do much more than exist.

The more significant things people do — from birthday celebrations to wars — can be classified as events. Earthquakes and tornadoes are examples of natural events that are not caused by people. Yet they can effect people and are often documented for that reason alone. Natural disasters can even be manipulated for political purposes. We might distinguish between purely natural events and people events, many of which are of sociopolitical importance.

A Historical Record

A geologist analyzing minerals has many tools at her disposal. She can use a scale to weigh them or a microscope to examine their basic structure. She can identify minerals with chemical tests or by simply scratching them with harder minerals.

Political science is very different. It is largely associated with the social sciences (including psychology and sociology), which are in a sense more vague than the physical sciences. How can you measure hate or see it in a person’s mind or heart?

We can think of events as snapshots of people’s deeds.

Fortunately, we have events to help us get our bearings. What could be better evidence of hate than war, for example?

Speaking of war, ponder this event:

At approximately 8:15 a.m. on August 6, 1945, a U.S. bomber dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.

Of course, that was a horrible event — one of history’s greatest war crimes. But the good news is that it’s a concrete fact that we can connect with and ponder. People continue to debate the rationale for bombing Hiroshima. Did the U.S. government simply want to end the war sooner, or were they sending a warning to the Soviet Union? Some people still insist it wasn’t a war crime. But no one can deny that it happened.

Fuzzy Events

WHAT Exodus

While people debate the details of the Holocaust, some archaeologists and historians say there’s no evidence that Jews were ever held in bondage in ancient Egypt. That means Jews could not have helped build the pyramids, and there was no Exodus.

Keep in mind that details relating to events can be forgotten, distorted or completely fabricated. For example, many people believe the mainstream history of the Holocaust — the persecution of Jews in Germany during World War II — is greatly exaggerated. Some people believe the Holocaust never even happened. Ironically, some countries have fueled skepticism by passing laws making holocaust denial a crime.

Similarly, many history textbooks in U.S. schools have little to say about particularly embarrassing events such as the Philippine Insurrection, when the U.S. military slaughtered countless thousands of civilians. Nor are many students informed that George Washington owned slaves or that Abraham Lincoln ordered one of the biggest lynchings (of Native Americans) in American history.

Wacko Events

Other odd events aren’t fuzzy at all; they’re shoved in our faces with a reckless arrogance that almost suggests mental problems. A good example is the awarding of a Nobel Peace Prize to U.S. President Obama, one of history’s greatest war criminals. In fact, a number of very evil people have been given the Nobel prizes, including Henry Kissinger (Nobel Peace Prize) and Milton Friedman (Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences).

Obama himself seems a little wacko sometimes. When he was elected president, he promoted himself as a U.S. citizen whose religion is Islam. Now, many people regard him as a Jew born in Kenya. At least we can be certain that his first name really is Obama — or is that his last name?

This is just a reminder that we have to be extremely skeptical, even paranoid, in the political arena. A person can be elected president and receive a Nobel Peace Prize yet be a frightening monster at the same time.

10 Amazing Events

If you could vote on the ten most important events in world history, what events would you choose?

Of course, that’s an impossible assignment. But the ten events listed below rank among the most intriguing events since 1900. And one of them hasn’t even happened yet...

1. 9/11 — A conspiracy within a conspiracy, millions of people around the world immediately knew the U.S. government and media were lying about the most sensational terrorist attack ever. But the details remain elusive; was 9/11 the work of the CIA, Israel or both?
2. Balfour Declaration — Everyone knows Israel was created after World War II out of sympathy for the Jews who were so horribly persecuted by the Nazis. There’s just one problem: That story isn’t true. The paperwork was actually started during World War I, which was seemingly manipulated by Jewish interests.
3. Cuban Revolution — More genuine than the American Revolution, the Cuban Revolution turned Fidel Castro and Che Guevara into global heroes and has been a thorn in the United States’ side for half a century.
4. Fukushima Earthquake — Forget the earthquake and the tidal wave; what on Earth is the truth about that nuclear radiation that some say may eventually wipe out the human race?
5. Gaddafi Assassination — He may have been the biggest hero of his generation and Africa’s brightest star. Thanks to Obama and NATO, all that’s left of the dream is a bloody video, followed by a brief video of Hillary Clinton laughing in arrogant contempt.
6. John F. Kennedy Assassination — Until 9/11, it ranked as modern history’s most sensational conspiracy. Ironically, 9/11 may have shed more light on the Kennedy assassination. So who do YOU think was behind it — the CIA or Israel?
7. Lincoln Lynching — After freeing the slaves so they could work as serfs while being lynched, Abraham Lincoln turned his attention back to the great Native American Genocide. He kicked off Round II with the biggest mass execution in U.S. history, when thirty-eight Indians were hung on December 26, 1862. So how many Native Americans do you suppose celebrate Presidents Day?
8. Moon Landing — For millions of people around the world, watching a man walk on the moon was a virtual drug trip. Many people in other countries didn’t believe it was real. Ironically, many conspiracy theorists right here in the U.S. continue to claim the moon landing was staged. The irony is that what once seemed a really wacky conspiracy theory is starting to sound a little more credible.
9. Russo-Japanese War — If you think conspiracy theories that suggest both world wars were manipulated or even started by Jews are way out there, get a load of this: ONE Jew alone financed Japan’s military, which won a stunning victory over Russia...BEFORE World War I.
10. World War III — Some say it will never happen, while others maintain it started years ago. What’s the truth about the war that will very likely end all wars?

Connections

Science teaches us about various forces and structures that bond things together, things like gravity, cohesion and ligaments. We can similarly think of forces that bind people together into relationships and organizations.

Such forces are sometimes called bonds — like the bond between mother and child. However, in the political arena, a better name might be connections, or political connections. Loosely speaking, political connections can include the social connections that are so important in networking.

Important!

Political connections are as important to political scientists and activists as gravity is to astronomers. Learn how to connect the dots!

Political connections can be as obvious as the marriage between Bill and Hillary Clinton, two Democrats who are obviously playing on the same team. Other political connections can be invisible to the average observer. For example, conspiracy theorists might wonder if Bill Gates is somehow associated or connected with the CIA or Israel’s Mossad, while most people probably couldn’t even imagine such a relationship.

Still other political connections can be deliberately deceptive. For example, a corrupt politician might join an environmental group just to make people think he or she cares about the environment. Conversely, you might be shocked when you see a photo of a politico you admire shaking hands with someone really disgusting, like Bill Gates or a corrupt attorney.

But what if the politico didn’t know the attorney he was shaking hands with is corrupt? What if he wasn’t aware that Bill Gates is corrupt?

Political connections can be evidence of corruption, ignorance or apathy. Sometimes it’s hard to tell. For example, Joan Baez — one of the most famous icons of the 1960s — performed for Obama, a war criminal who may be the worst U.S. president ever. That could mean one of several things. Perhaps Baez, like Bob Dylan, was a fake all along. Or perhaps she was a genuine activist in the 1960s, but she later switched sides. Still another possibility is that she was simply duped by Obama, as were millions of people who voted for him. If that’s the case, Baez is not very intelligent and doesn’t deserve to be called an activist.

Blood and Money

The most powerful connections are probably what are commonly known as blood ties. In other words, people are generally very closely connected to their parents, children and other relatives.

Follow the money!

Financial connections are another prominent phenomenon in the political arena. Have you ever heard someone say “Follow the money”?

This simply means that you can often learn a lot about people by studying their finances. Are they super rich? Did they make their money honestly? Have they received or given money to corrupt individuals or organizations?

People are especially interested in knowing who contributes money to political candidates. If a candidate gets lots of money from Bill Gates, Microsoft or Monsanto, that’s powerful evidence that that candidate is corrupt and will probably do the bidding of the rich and powerful if elected.

Events

People aren’t just connected to each other; they’re also connected to actions and events. That’s why political buffs make such a big deal out of information connecting politicos with noteworthy events. For example, members of Congress who voted for the invasion of Iraq should forever hang their heads in shame, while any public official who opposed the invasion might be regarded as a hero. (Then again, even people who appear to oppose evil may in reality be examples of “controlled opposition,” which we’ll learn about soon.)

* * * * *

If it sounds like political connections are too confusing to bother analyzing, guess again. Sure, connections can be confusing and misleading, but a little logic goes a long ways.

Names

One could argue that political activism begins with naming names.

You can spend your entire life studying psychology and sociology and philosophizing about ethics. Your studies may shine a spotlight on problems, like the United States’ enormous prison population, corporate philanthropy or genetically modified food. But how are you going to fix any of those problems if you can only talk about the people who cause them in the abstract? The slogan “Fight corporate corruption!” only goes so far.

Light bulbPoliTip: You can learn a lot about a person by the people and organizations he or she associates with. Learn how to play Connect-the-Dots in Politi’x Tips section.

Even if you never become an activist, you’ll never be able to understand politics if you don’t know any names. But where do you begin?

There are so many names to learn, most political buffs learn to prioritize. Rather than memorize the name of every President of the United States, they may study only recent presidents and some of the most significant older presidents, like George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.

But that’s just the tip of the iceberg. What about members of Congress? What about state governors and the mayors of various cities? Do you know the names of any of your local city council or school board members?

Remember, politics is much bigger than government. That means we also need to learn the names of significant corporate executives, attorneys and media rats.

Of course, no individual can memorize the names of thousands of individuals and organizations, along with the important details associated with each name. But you should know how to research people and access lists of names. Many corrupt people belong to local political parties, fake activist groups, board of directors, etc.

Activists and political reformers should make an effort to record the names of evildoers in their local area. Activists can then pool their information to create a very useful community database.

Heroes

Fortunately, not all people are bad. In fact, politics is far more exciting and hopeful when we learn about inspirational thinkers, activists and freedom fighters. My favorites include Spartacus, Gaddafi, Che Guevara, Hugo Chavez, Malcolm X, Edward Abbey and Carl Sagan.

But we must always remember that no one is perfect. Instead of following great leaders and visionaries in lockstep, we should follow their vision.

10 Heroes & Zeroes

Some are heroes, others villains and some may be question marks. However, all the people listed below played very significant roles in the political arena.

1. Milton Friedman — Like Obama, this famous economist won a Nobel Peace Prize. Yet he’s one of several Jews that some people think are bigger monsters than Hitler.
2. Muammar Gaddafi — His murder at the hands of Obama and the Vichy French was stunningly depressing. The only consolation is the knowledge that Africa’s brightest star still shines, as supporters continue to broadcast the truth.
3. Bill Gates — Is it true that Bill Gates once wrapped an Xbox in mother-of-pearl and gave it to a head of state as a symbol of peace? More important, is it true that Gates is plotting to kill millions of people?
4. Che Guevara — Bigger than life, El Che was perhaps the most exciting activist/freedom fighter who ever slapped Uncle Sam’s face. And his execution only made his legend bigger.
5. Adolf Hitler — It’s hard to say anything nice about a man who’s name is synonymous with evil, yet millions of people around the world regard Hitler as either a dynamic individual who was thrust into a complex situation or a genuine hero — and their numbers were growing even before Hitler’s biography, Mein Kamp, was republished.
6. John F. Kennedy — Though his record can be a little hard to put in perspective, Kennedy may have been the best president in U.S. history (though he admittedly doesn’t have much competition). Like 9/11, the extraordinary events surrounding his tragic assassination point a bloody finger at a conspiracy many believe was planned by the CIA, Israel or both.
7. Vladimir Putin — Is he a space alien? Putin may be the most powerful person on the planet, and most people think he’s ten times cooler than Obama. But is he too good to be true? Is it true that Putin is twice as rich as Bill Gates? And why is he so cozy with Jews? Is Putin defending Syria or setting it up for total annihilation?
8. Rothschild — Remember this family name, for it may be your ultimate master. Some think the richest person in the world is a Rothschild. Unfortunately, the Rothschilds aren’t nice people; they give Jews a bad name.
9. Carl Sagan — This scientist (a wannabe cosmonaut) turned political activist is too brilliant, inspirational and wholesome to be true. He gets quoted a lot on the Politix website.
10. Jacob Schiff — Perhaps the most powerful person you’ve never heard of (assuming you’ve heard the name Rothschild), this man bankrolled a Japanese military victory over Russia, helped create the Federal Reserve and may be the reason the U.S. very stupidly got involved in World War I.

Congratulations!