Dec. 08 (Sunday)

The 17th U.S. Vice President
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 Schuyler  Colfax Jr.
Full Name: Schuyler Colfax Jr.
Born: March 23, 1823 in New York City, New York
Died: Jan. 13, 1885 in Mankato, Minnesota

Schuyler Colfax was a United States Representative from Indiana (1855-69), Speaker of the House of Representatives (1863-69) and the 17th Vice President of the United States (1869-73). He is the only person besides John Nance Garner to have served as both House Speaker and Vice President. President Ulysses S. Grant and Colfax — 46 and 45, respectively — were the youngest presidential team until the inauguration of Bill Clinton and Al Gore in 1993.

Colfax’ term in the White House was clouded by involvement with the Crédit Mobilier of America scandal. In 1969, he accompanied author Samuel Bowles and Illinois Lieutenant-Governor William Bross on a trip across the western territories from Mississippi to the California coast. Their observations were compiled in Our New West (1869), which made Colfax a published author the same year he became Vice President.