Dec. 06 (Friday)

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 Mahatma  Gandhi
Full Name: Mahatma Gandhi
Born: Oct. 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India
Died: Jan. 30, 1948 in New Delhi, India

Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of the Indian nationalist movement against British rule and is thus considered the father of his country. Gandhi is revered for his doctrine of nonviolent protest, though such a strategy obviously cannot work in all situations; nonviolent resistance against Adolf Hitler or Obama, for example, would be futile.

Even Gandhi said, “Where there is only a choice between cowardice and violence I advise violence.” On the other hand, nonviolence can be a potent weapon when great numbers of people are willing to participate. Gandhi’s reverence for life even manifested itself in vegetarianism.

Ghandi was assassinated on January 30, 1948 by Nathuram Godse, who thought Gandhi was too sympathetic to India’s Muslims. Gandhi’s birthday, October 2, is observed as a national holiday in India and as the International Day of Non-Violence world-wide.