Open/Close All Full Name: Lyndon Baines Johnson Born: Aug. 27, 1908 in Gillespie County, Texas Died: Jan. 22, 1973 in San Antonio, TexasLyndon B. Johnson (often nicknamed LBJ) was the 36th President of the United States (1963-69), succeeding John F. Kennedy after he was assassinated, then beating Barry Goldwater in 1964 to win a second term. LBJ is one of just four people who have served in all four elected federal U.S. offices: Representative (1937-49), Senator (1948-61), Vice President (1961-63) and President.A Texas Democrat, President Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act (1964), the most comprehensive civil rights legislation since the Reconstruction era. He was also responsible for designing the “Great Society” legislation that included laws upholding Medicare, Medicaid, education, environmental protection and Johnson’s “War on Poverty.”While some historians rate Johnson favorably because of his domestic policies, he gets bad marks for escalating the war in Vietnam from 16,000 American advisors/soldiers in 1963 to 550,000 combat troops in early 1968. Johnson also ordered a military invasion of the Dominican Republic, using the U.S. military to perpetuate a corrupt dictatorship there.U.S. Presidents | U.S. Vice Presidents Related Resources, Notes, Links, etc. See the Geopeda version of this article.