Jan. 20 (Monday)

The Father of Communism
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 Karl Heinrich Marx
Full Name: Karl Heinrich Marx
Born: May. 5, 1818 in Trier, Rhine province, Prussia (Germany)
Died: March 14, 1883 in London, England
Karl Heinrich Marx was a German intellectual and revolutionary described as one of the most influential figures in history, probably best known for his work in economics, which earned him the nickname “The Father of Communism.” Marx’s work in economics laid the basis for the current understanding of labor and its relation to capital, and has heavily influenced economic thought. The thoughts and beliefs of Karl Marx and his friend and collaborator Friedrich Engels are commonly known as Marxism (or, combined with the ideas of Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, as Marxism-Leninism). Marx’s most notable publications are The Communist Manifesto (1848) — the most celebrated pamphlet in the history of the socialist movement — and Das Kapital (1867-94), the movement’s most important book.