Jan. 20 (Monday)

The 32nd U.S. Vice President
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 John Nance Garner IV
Full Name: John Nance Garner IV
Born: Nov. 22, 1868 in Red River County, Texas
Died: Nov. 7, 1967 in Uvalde, Texas

John Nance Garner was the 32nd Vice President of the United States (1933-1941), serving under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. A Democratic politician and lawyer from Texas, “Cactus Jack” Garner’s road to the White House began with stints as a state representative (1898-1902), U.S. Representative (1903-1933) and 44th Speaker of the House (1931-1933).

Relatively conservative, Garner deemed Roosevelt’s New Deal “too liberal” and broke with Roosevelt over the latter’s efforts to enlarge the Supreme Court. Opposed to Roosevelt’s effort to win an unprecedented third term, Garner challenged him for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1940 but lost.