Nov. 17 (Saturday)

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 Francis Julius Bellamy
Full Name: Francis Julius Bellamy
Born: May. 18, 1855 in Mount Morris, New York
Died: Aug. 28, 1931 in Tampa, Florida

Francis Bellamy was an author, minister and Christian socialist who might have been overshadowed by his brother Edward, an even more prominent socialist who wrote one of the era’s most popular books. However, Francis wrote something even more popular — the Pledge of Allegiance, which he penned for a campaign by a patriotic circular called the “Youth’s Companion.”

Bellamy “viewed his Pledge as an ‘inoculation’ that would protect immigrants and native-born but insufficiently patriotic Americans from the ‘virus’ of radicalism and subversion.” He was booted out of one congregation because of his references to Jesus as a socialist. His mixing of politics, religion and symbolism makes Bellamy, who once ran unsuccessfully for Governor of New York, hard to judge. What do you think about Bellamy? What about the Pledge of Allegiance?