Jan. 20 (Monday)

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 Ernesto “Che” Guevara
Full Name: Ernesto “Che” Guevara
Born: June 14, 1928 in Rosario, Argentina

Che Guevara was a Latin American revolutionary who sometimes seems like an action hero who leaped out of a comic book. An intellectual who was as courageous as he was compassionate, he was a doctor who played a leading role in the Cuban Revolution, then fought to liberate the Belgian Congo and Bolivia, where he was captured and executed by CIA-backed soldiers.

To the U.S. government’s dismay, Guevara’s heroic last stand, along with an iconic photograph of the charismatic warrior, transformed him into a martyr of epic proportions. The famous French philosopher and political activist Jean-Paul Sartre described Guevara as “not only an intellectual but also the most complete human being of our age.”

Ironically, Guevara’s enemies are now forced to wage a war of propaganda against Guevara’s ghost, portraying him as a cold-blooded killer even as the U.S. tortures innocent people at a U.S. military base at Guantanamo, Cuba.