Jan. 22 (Wednesday)

The 30th U.S. President
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 John Calvin Coolidge Jr.
Coolidge in 1923
Full Name: John Calvin Coolidge Jr.
Born: July 4, 1872 in Plymouth, Vermont
Died: Jan. 5, 1933 in Northampton, Massachusetts

Calvin Coolidge was the 30th President of the United States (1923-29). A Republican lawyer from Vermont, he became Governor of Massachusetts, then 29th Vice President of the United States in 1920.

The sudden death of Warren G. Harding in 1923, just as his scandals were coming to light, allowed Coolidge to succeed to the presidency. He was then elected to the same office in 1924.

Coolidge restored integrity to the presidency while continuing Harding’s pro-business policies. As one biographer wrote, “He embodied the spirit and hopes of the middle class, could interpret their longings and express their opinions.” Though he left office with considerable popularity, he wasn’t favored by people who believe the federal government should be more involved in regulating and controlling the economy.